Mango farm plantation

Mango farming in Nigeria – what you should know

Mango farming in Nigeria – what you should know
for you to invest in mango farm plantation business you need to have at least little knowledge on how the farming activity is done.

there are various varieties of mango fruits, cultivation depends on the farmers choice
we have the likes of ;

kerosene mango
Julie mango
Sweet mango and many more.
the type and varieties of mango fruits varies, different names base on different location.

Mango farm plantation
Mango plantation

No doubt mango fruit is one among the delicious fruits in Nigeria and around the world basically mango farming in Nigeria

has been in practice long time ago especially from the middle belt region with massive production of mango fruits in Benue state.

The mango fruit is a delicious juicy and flashy seed eaten when it is ripe, the inner seed is thrown away after consuming the flash

When a mango fruit is ripe;

the outer peel will change from green to yellow

but this changes varies depending on the type or variety of mango that you plant

some varieties will be green in colour when they are in their unripe stage, and letter in their ripe stage they will still be green from the outer part or peel

while inside the fruit after you have taken of the peel it will be yellow with a very nice test and flavour

For you to be able to detect when a green variety of mango ( kerosene mango ) is in it’s ripe stage

you have to feel the mango fruit with your hand, meaning you will press the fruit with your finger tips

if the mango fruit is ripe you will feel the softness, but if it is not ripe the fruit will be hard.

Aside feeling the fruit, every green variety when in their ripe stage and ready for harvest they fall off the tree on their own

just a little wind or breeze will bring the ripe fruits down

it is plough by climbing the mango tree and shaking the branches by doing so the ripe ones will fall down and the fruits will be gathered into baskets.

A ripe mango fruit

Mango farming in Nigeria – what you should know

Although the total numbers of farmers going into mango farm plantation is not really encouraging

compare to those into orange farm plantation.

mango fruit is highly rich in vitamins and may be eaten as food to satisfy hunger and process as juice

in Benue state, the inhabitants of the state are major producers of mango fruits in Nigeria due to the fertile soil

mango trees can be found almost every where within the state and it is a major economic tree.

This article is on a quest to unveil to you guidelines about mango farming in Nigeria and what you should know before investing in mango farm plantation

mango farm plantation is a lucrative business to venture into only if you follow the right procedures

How to start mango farming in Nigeria – what you should know:

✓ Get a fertile land:

Getting a land has to do with you securing a piece of land which you are going to use for your mango farm plantation

not just any land but a fertile soil that is suitable for planting mango trees

the right soil or land will produce good yield the soil type for planting mango is sandy-loamy soil, so far it is the best type of soil to use.

✓ Land preparation:

It is the process of getting rid of every unwanted things off the farm land

beginning from cutting and clearing of bush if they are other trees on the piece of land you have get rid of them too by uprooting the trees

after you are through with clearing and arranging of the land the next step is to

dig holes in rows on the land you have finished preparing

the gap between each hole should be 30×meters from both sides

the dept should be 1×feet down.

✓ Planting:

When your are finished with digging of holes on the land for planting the mango trees

you will transfer the seedlings from the nursery to the already prepared land
and put them into the hole then cover

the hole with sand, that very day when you are done with the planting it is advisable you water or irrigate the plants.

✓ Pruning:

This is the removal of excess material from a tree or shrub; when the newly planted tree is three to four months you are to prune the tree

cut out the top part of the tree ( pinnacle) and as time goes on by remove the branches that are growing from the bottom of the tree.

Why should trees be prune?

reason is that, the tree will produce many branches and the more branches a tree have the more fruits it will bear.

✓ Irrigation:

From day one of planting your mango trees you are suppose to be watering the plants twice a day; morning and evening at least for six weeks

is it necessary to irrigate the newly planted tree?

yes! it is important. for trees at that young stage to survive water is needed

as living things need water so does trees.

even if the trees are planted in rainy season i advise that any day there is no rainfall you should water them,

doing so will soften the ground and will give room for speedy growth and development of the trees.

✓ Maintenance:

Maintenance of a mango farm plantation is not as difficult as one may take it to be, all you need to do is to keep the mango farm plantation clear of weed/bushes

including the plantation surrounding, when your mango farm plantation if free of bush

fire outbreak will not be a threat to your investment.

Maintenance is done from young stage to harvest period (maturity) as far as the plantation remain in existence

Please note that when your mango farm plantation is mature and yielding fruits

after every five to seven years you are suppose to trim the mango trees; because as time goes on the trees will be come old and fruit bearing will be affected too

the branches of the mango farm plantation will be trimmed, including all the leaves the leaves will be ploughed

cut the trees around the measurement of 18 feet tall depending on the height of the trees

✓ Harvest:

After planting your mango trees and the above mentioned steps are followed

it will takes five years for your mango farm plantation to start bearing fruits

when the mango trees have reach maturity stage

it takes the month of November to January to bring forth flowers and seeds

By march to April the seeds will become ripe and ready for harvest, there are several ways of harvesting mango fruits depending on the variety.

mango can be harvested by climbing the tree and shaking the branches so that the fruits will fall to the ground

it can also be done by using a long stick with a hook on it and from the ground you will stretch and plough the fruits one after the order.


During mango season you can plough the fruits and supply to juice production company or you can sale to final consumers who will buy for consumption

When mango fruits are out for sales in the market;
four mango fruits cost #100

depending on the variety or type and location.

Mango farming in Nigeria – what you should know


Mango farming is a profitable business to invest in if done the right way, and if you stick to the advice from this article

you should be sure of success.

• mango, pest and diseases:

the mango tree is hardly over powered by pest and diseases apart from leave spot bacterial infections which affects only the leaves

Another enemy of mango farm plantation is bats. Immediately it is due season for the fruits to become ripe bats will begin to attack the fruits

the remedy to this attack is rainfall, when rainy season is back by April bats cannot fry under rainfall so they will relocate from trees to caves.

• mango and fertilizer application:

Fertilizer application in mango farm plantation is optional, it is not mandatory to apply fertilizer

once the soil is a fertile one you don’t have to apply fertilizer but your mango farm plantation will still yield good fruits.

Hope this article will give you an insight on how to start a mango farm plantation in Nigeria and what you should know.

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